James, William

► (1842-1910) Filósofo y psicólogo estadounidense. Coautor con Lange de la famosa teoría periférica de las emociones («no lloramos porque estamos tristes, sino que estamos tristes porque lloramos»). Es el creador del pragmatismo.

* * *

(11 ene. 1842, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–26 ago. 1910, Chocorua, N.H.).

U.S. Filósofo y psicólogo estadounidense. Hijo del escritor filosófico Henry James (n. 1811–m. 1882) y hermano del novelista Henry James, estudió medicina en Harvard, donde enseñó a partir de 1872. Su primera obra importante, Principios de psicología (1890), trató el pensamiento y el conocimiento como instrumentos en la lucha por la vida. Su obra más famosa es Las variedades de la experiencia religiosa (1902). En Pragmatismo: un nombre nuevo para viejas formas de pensar (1907), generalizó las teorías de Charles Sanders Peirce para afirmar que el significado de cualquier idea debe ser analizado en términos de la sucesión de consecuencias experienciales a las cuales conduce, y que la verdad y el error dependen únicamente de tales consecuencias (ver pragmatismo). Aplicó esta doctrina al análisis del cambio y el azar, la libertad, la variedad, el pluralismo y la innovación. Su pragmatismo sirvió también de base para su polémica contra el monismo, la doctrina idealista de las relaciones internas y todas las concepciones que presentaban la realidad como un todo estático. Encabezó también el movimiento psicologista conocido como funcionalismo.

William James, filósofo y psicólogo estadounidense.
Courtesy of the Harvard University News Service

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • James,William — James, William. 1842 1910. American psychologist and philosopher. A founder of pragmatism and functionalism, he developed an approach to intellectual issues that greatly influenced American thought. His works include The Principles of Psychology… …   Universalium

  • James, William — American pragmatism James J.E.Tiles THE BERKELEY LECTURE Pragmatism was introduced to society in a lecture given by William James1 to the Philosophical Union at the University of California in Berkeley on 26 August 1898.2 In his lecture James… …   History of philosophy

  • James, William — born Jan. 11, 1842, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 26, 1910, Chocorua, N.H. U.S. philosopher and psychologist. Son of the philosophical writer Henry James (1811–82) and brother of the novelist Henry James, he studied medicine at Harvard, where he …   Universalium

  • James, William — (1842 1910)    An American psychologist philosopher and brother to novelist Henry, William James did his early work primarily in psychology, culminating in The Principles of Psychology (1890). Following C. S. Peirce, James is also known for his… …   Christian Philosophy

  • James, William — (1842–1910)    Philosopher.    James grew up in a Swedenborgian household and was a brother of the novelist Henry James. For most of his career he taught at the University of Harvard. He is remembered for his writings, which included The… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • James, William — (1842–1910) American psychologist and philosopher. James was born into a wealthy New York family, and surrounded from an early age by a humanitarian, literary, and scholarly family life (his father was a theologian, and his brother the novelist… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • JAMES, William — (1842 1910)    Brother of the American novelist Henry JAMES (1843 1916) whose Father was a SWEDENBORGIAN theologian. James was successively professor of psychology (1889 1897) and philosophy (1897 1907) at Harvard University. His book The… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • James, William — (1842 1910) An American philosopher of the pragmatist school, notable mainly for his unusual accomplishment in significantly influencing the development both of neo positivism and symbolic interactionism , via his view that the empirical… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • James, William —    LL.D., etc. (b. 1842)    Psychologist. Principles of Psychology (1890), Human Immortality (1897), The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902), Pragmatism (1907), and The Meaning of Truth (1909) …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • James William Lowther — James Lowther James William Lowther, 1. Viscount Ullswater (* 1. April 1855; † 27. März 1949) war ein britischer Politiker der Liberal Party und Sprecher des Unterhauses (House of Commons) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Compartir el artículo y extractos

Link directo
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.